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Metal Saw Machine and Types of Sawing Machine

Saw Machine

Introduction to sawing machine and types of sawing machine:

Sawing is one of the most important cuttings of operations performed in a manufacturing plant. Metal sawing is chiefly concerned with cutting bar stock to a convenient length or size for machining.

In sawing, the individual teeth of the saw “track” through the work, each tooth depending on the cut made by the preceding tooth in the direction of feed. Either the saw or the work may be fed and, by controlling the direction of feed, the either straight or curved cut can be produced. The width of the cut is approximately equal to the width of the saw itself.

Types of Sawing Machine

Sawing machines may be classified by the motion used for the cutting action. Accordingly, the various types of sawing machine are listed are below:

  1. Reciprocating saw
    1. horizontal sawing machine
    2. vertical sawing machine
  2. Circular saw
    1. cold saw
    2. friction disk
    3. Abrasive disk
  3. Band saw
    1. contour band saw
    2. Friction blade

1. Reciprocating Saws:

This types of sawing machine are represented by power hack saws. A power hack saw consists of a saw frame, a means for reciprocating the saw and frame, a work table and vise, a supporting base, and a source of power. In operation, the machine devices a blade back and forth through a workpiece, pressing down on the cutting stroke and releasing the pressure on the return.

Types of sawing machine: Reciprocating Saws
Image from Shutterstock

The downfeed force on the blade may be obtained from gravity or springs regulated by a ratchet mechanism, a positive feed screw or from a hydraulic device. The simplest type of feed is the gravity feed, in which the saw blade is forced into the work by the weight of the saw and frame.

A hydraulic or mechanical arrangement is also incorporated for lifting the blade on the return stroke. Many are crank driven the large ones often are hydraulically driven.

The stock to be cut is held between the clamping saws. several pieces of bar stock can be clamped together and cut at the same time. both square and angular cuts can be made.

2. Circular Saws:

Circular saws are cut by means of a revolving disc. The disc may have large teeth or almost no teeth. Machines of this type are divided into three classifications as given before.

Cold Saw

The cold saw has a circular blade with inserted teeth for cutting small or large bars to length. It cuts very rapidly because of the large diameter blades, but it runs at relatively slow speed and is very powerful.

Types of sawing machine: Circular Saws

The cut made is very smooth and accurate. Coolants may or may not be used with this type of saw. The average thickness of the cut is 6mm. A clod saw can be equipped with automatic bar feeding mechanisms. The stock is held in a vise capable of handing one or a number of parts at the same time.

Friction disc

Friction discs are circular blades having almost no teeth. They operate at high speeds and generate heat. The heat of friction softens the metal of the workpiece in contact with disc, and the soft metal is rubbed away. Friction sawing is fast but leaves a heavier burr and a less accurate surface than cutting tooth does.

Abrasive disc

Abrasive discs, as the name implies, are thin flexible grinding wheels. Thin resinoid or rubber bonded wheels rotating at high speeds are generally used. The cutting action is fast and accurate, but this abrasive-disc cutting is not a true sawing technique.

3. Band Saws:

In a band saw, a continuous saw blade or band runs over the rims of two wheels, one is which drives the saw at the desired cutting speed.

The work is mounted on the table between the two wheels. In contrast to the reciprocating action of the hack saw which is idle on the return stroke, the band saw is never idle. This continuous cutting action makes the band saw faster. They are mainly divided into two classifications as given before.

Band saws
Images from Homedepot.com

Contour band saw

The contour band saw is the most versatile of all types of sawing machine in the application. The work may be fed in any direction on the table, and the direction of feed is readily controlled and changed while cutting is in the process to produce any desired outline. These machines are widely used for making dies to other parts with a contour internal shape.

Friction Band

A friction band saw operate on the same principle as the friction circular saw. The dull blade produces great friction and the kerf of the teeth removes small, softened particles of the work.


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About Saif M

Saif M. is a Mechanical Engineer by profession. He completed his engineering studies in 2014 and is currently working in a large firm as Mechanical Engineer. He is also an author and editor at www.theengineerspost.com

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