Hammers and Types
Hammer is a very useful tool. It is used to beat or striking blows on jobs or metals or jobs driving nails etc. It is used to straighten or bend a job made of metal. In addition, it is also used for riveting, chipping, and forging jobs.
In other words, we can say that hammer is used in the workshops every time. It is also used in household jobs. Classification of the hammer is done according to their pan, face, weight, or shape. In workshops and other places mainly the following types of hammers are used.
Types of Hammers
Based on their utility the hand hammers are of several types.
- According to the standard types of hammers
- Hand hammer
- Ball Peen hammer
- Claw hammer
- Club hammer
- Dead blow hammer
- Tack hammer
- Rubber mallet
- Framing hammer
- According to the special types of hammers
- Brass hammer
- Brick hammer
- Blocking hammer
- Electrician hammer
- Blacksmith hammer
- Bushing hammer
- Cross peen hammer
- Cross peen pin hammer
- Drywall hammer
- Chasing hammer
- Engineers hammer
- Hatchet hammer
- Machanic hammer
- Planishing hammer
- Power hammer
- Welding hammer
- Rock hammer
- Straight peen hammer
- Trim hammer
- Soft-faced hammer
- Rip hammer
- Scaling hammer
- Double peen hammer
1. Hand Hammer
These hammers are made of cast steel of carbon steel. Their pan and face are hardened and tempered. The middle body is kept soft. On one end of the body, face and pan are made.
An oval-shaped hole is made in the body in which the handle is fitted by using a wedge. Because of the wedge, the hole is somewhat enlarged and there is no risk of handle becoming loose and coming out. The length of the hammer depends on its weight.
On heavy hammers, long handles are used. Contrarily on the lightweight hammers, shorter handle are used. In hand hammers, the handle of 8 to 12 is used. According to I. S. 841-1957, the handles used for marking etc. have 0.11 to 0.33 Kg weight.
In the workshops, the hammers used by fitter are generally 0.33 to 0.45 Kg in weight. Heavy hammers are of 0.91 kg in weight. Hammer has the following part which has been shown in the above.
2. Ball Peen Hammer
These types of hammers are most widely used in the workshops. On one end of this ball pane hammer, a plain face is made and on the other end, a pane of 3/4 like a round ball is made.
It is used for setting the rivet. It is also used to strike blows on a metal sheet up to a certain depth. This types of hammers has been shown in the figure. Its weight is between 0. 11 to 0.91 kg.
3. Sledge Hammer
These are mostly used in blacksmithy for straightening round rods, iron bars, angle iron, channel, or flat iron.
Its shape is similar to a double face hammer. These are used for heavy jobs their weight is more. Their weight is from 4 Kg to 10 Kg. It has been illustrated in the figure.
4. Claw Hammer
These are special types of hammers. On one end of this hammer, a round face is made and on the other end, its pane is inclined towards the handle.
In its center, a slot is cut, with whose help nails, etc. Can be easily extracted (taken out). This hammer generally used by the carpenters in the carpentry trade. It has been shown in the figure.
5. Club Hammer
If compared to as a drilling hammer or lump hammer, the tool has a small, double-faced head that is similar to a sledgehammer.
In commercial work, the club hammer is useful for making steel chisels and masonry heads, as well as light leveling work.
6. Dead Blow Hammer
The head of this types of hammers are designed for minimum recoil and soft blows. It usually consists of a solid rubber or plastic head, or a semi-hollow head filled with sand or lead tablet.
They are used in everything from woodworking to automotive applications, where they help destroy parts, fix small dents, and knock wood together or beyond without marrying the surface.
7. Tack Hammer
This unique hammer consists of two long claws like heads, one of which is magnetized.
It is also known as an upholstery hammer and it is used to hold a tack for placement using a magnetic end, then controlling a tack that is placed using a non-magnetized end.
8. Rubber Mallet
It is the most common types of hammers, it has a rubber head that allows a soft bang. They are used on sheet metal, woodworking, and filling. A rubber mallet is soft enough to force it without damaging the plasterboard.
9. Framing Hammer
It is exactly similar to a claw hammer. The framing hammer is consists of a straight claw and a waist head. Its primary function is to assemble the house frames. That’s why it is called a framing hammer.
Special Types of Hammers
You probably won’t see one of these hammers. Used for many specific jobs and not usually found in general-purpose in hardware stores. Some of these hammers are similar to the more common hammers, except for the difference in weight, size, or shape.
1. Brass Hammer
The brass hammer is consists of a thin, cylindrical double-head, that is designed to pound steel pins without breaking the surface. It is found in both automotive and woodworking shops.
2. Blacksmith’s Hammer
The blacksmith’s hammer is a type of sledgehammer, where the other head of the hammer is bit raper and round. It is used to shape the red-hot steel against the anvil.
3. Blocking Hammer
On one side of this hammer the flat, square head, and on the other side the cylindrical head. This is another hammer commonly used by blacksmiths. It can be used to shape metal on a block or anvil.
4. Electrician Hammer
This kind of claw hammer leads to an extended neck on the head. This allows the electrician to target hard-embedded nails to reach locations.
5. Brick Hammer
The brick hammer has a claw that doubles as a chisel for scoring, while the narrow head is able to split the bricks. It makes the hammer very helpful in brick making and masonry projects. It is also known as a masonry hammer.
6. Bushing Hammer
The bushing hammer resembles a meat tenderer with an extended metalhead. They are employed to add the rough texture of a stone, which may have a beautiful texture or make the path of the stone less slippery.
7. Cross Peen Hammer
This types of hammers has a face pan the one end and a pan is made at the right angle of the handle, which is in the taper. it has been shown in the figure.
It is used for making channel “V” grooves, to make inside corner of the job and for expanding metal sheets. Its weight is from 0.22 kg to 0.91 kg.
8. Cross Pein Pin Hammer
A mild kind of cross peen hammer, these tools are not well adapted to metalwork. Instead, they are used in cabinetwork, light joinery, and other woodworking work.
9. Drywall Hammer
It is a type of hammer, it has a very distinctive end that more exactly matches a hatchet with a bottom notch.
The notch is used to hold the nails in place without breaking the drywall paper. Pein blades are employed to securely cut off excess bits of drywall.
10. Chasing Hammer
It is a kind of shaped hammer, the chasing hammer consists of a bulbous ended handle, round head, and short, round pein. It is mainly used to shape jewelry metal.
11. Engineers Hammer
The engineer’s hammer has been used for locomotive repair and it has a round head with cross pean. The term is usually associated with heavy ball pean hammers and hammers that have a round head.
12. Hatchet Hammer
The hatchet hammer sometimes called the Half-Hate, has a blade instead of a peen. It is used for a wide variety of jobs. Hence, this hammer well suited for living and emergency toolkits.
13. Mechanics Hammer
This hammer consists of a flat head, long peen along with the conical die. They are used with a curved type of anvil to remove the dent in the panel of the car. It is also known as a body mechanic’s hammer,
14. Planishing Hammer
The planishing hammers are consists of a somewhat convex head and a pein along with a cylindrical die. This is used to fix and lubricate the metal on the planking stake, letting the metal to take the shape of the stakes.
15. Power Hammer
For doing the heavy jobs of forging, bending, etc. In blacksmithy, these hammers are used.
These are not ordinary hammers but are heavy machines as shown in the figure. These power hammers are electric or pneumatic hammers. The little effort is required for working on these and they save time.
16. Welding Hammer
Welding hammer is also known as chipping hammer. It consists of a round chisel at one end and an upright pein at the other.
The handle of this hammer has a spiral design that looks like a spring. This helps disperse the heat, while the hammer itself removes the slag from the welding spots after the weld bead must have a possibility to cool.
17. Rock Hammer
It is small in size, it consists of a flat head and chisel or picks on the back. It is used in geology and historical excavations to break small rocks.
Chisels are used for a kind of job, including splitting soft rock, removing vegetation, and making small holes. This hammer is also known as a pick hammer.
18. Straight Peen Hammer
This hammer is almost similar to cross pane hammer but its pan is in a straight line to the hammer handle.
It is also used as a cross pane hammer for making channels, “V” grooves, and expanding the metal sheets. These are light in weight as well. Their weight 0.11 kg to 0.91 kg. It has been shown in the figure.
19. Trim Hammer
A Trim hammer consists of a straight claw and is shorter than claw hammers. This hammer consists of a smooth face for driving trim nails without destroying the surface. It is also known as a finish hammer.
20. Soft-faced Hammer
On the jobs which are likely to get scars when we strike a hammer blow, soft hammers are used. These hammers are made of wood, bakelite, plastic, brass, copper, or aluminum.
Hammer made of wood is called mallet. Some hammers of plastic or nylon are made in such a way that from inside they are made of iron. On both ends, they have a cap made of plastic or nylon. These hammers are called ” hide hammers”. These can be made very heavy also. These hammers have been shown in the figure.
21. Rip Hammer
Rip hammer has a straight claw instead of curved and heavyweights. It is used to rip apart materials while construction and demolition.
Apart from that, it works for framing and is used by contractors for digging holes and measuring for outlet boxes.
22. Scaling Hammer
It consists of a normal head along with a vertical chisel and picks, these hammers are employed to remove scale, rust, and a variety of hardened coating from boilers and other surfaces.
23. Double Face Hammer
This type of hammer is mostly used for blacksmithy jobs. On both, its ends similar pane faces are made. It has been shown in the figure.
Precautions For Using Hammers
- We must not use oil, grease or any other oily substance on the handle of the hammer and if it is there, it should be properly cleaned
- Hammer handle should be plain others wise it can cause boils on the palm.
- Hammer handle should be kept tight otherwise from a loose hammer handle would come out and it may cause an accident.
- If due to excessive use the face of the hammer becomes mushroom, it should be grinded properly.
- Hammer handle should always be caught from its end as it saves energy.
- We should choose the appropriate and suitable hammer according to the nature of the jobs.
As you know a hammer is a tool, which is used to hit or striking blows on jobs or metals or jobs driving pins etc. There are several types of hammers available in any industry. In which some are standard and special according to their use.
So now, we hope that we have clear all your doubts about Hammers. If you have still any doubts about the “Types of Hammers” you can contact us or ask in the comments.
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