Home Workshop 32 Different Types of Hammers and Their Uses

32 Different Types of Hammers and Their Uses [with Pictures]

Hammers and Types

Hammer is a very useful tool. It is used to beat or striking blows on jobs or metals or jobs driving nails etc. It is used to straighten or bend a job made of metal. In addition, it is also used for riveting, chipping, and forging jobs.

In other words, we can say that hammer is used in the workshops every time. It is also used in household jobs. Classification of the hammer is done according to their pan, face, weight, or shape. In workshops and other places mainly the following types of hammers are used.

Types of Hammers

Based on their utility the hand hammers are of several types.

  1. According to the standard types of hammers
    1. Hand hammer
    2. Ball Peen hammer
    3. Sledgehammer
    4. Claw hammer
    5. Club hammer
    6. Dead blow hammer
    7. Tack hammer
    8. Rubber mallet
    9. Framing hammer
  2. According to the special types of hammers
    1. Brass hammer
    2. Brick hammer
    3. Blocking hammer
    4. Electrician hammer
    5. Blacksmith hammer
    6. Bushing hammer
    7. Cross peen hammer
    8. Cross peen pin hammer
    9. Drywall hammer
    10. Chasing hammer
    11. Engineers hammer
    12. Hatchet hammer
    13. Machanic hammer
    14. Planishing hammer
    15. Power hammer
    16. Welding hammer
    17. Rock hammer
    18. Straight peen hammer
    19. Trim hammer
    20. Soft-faced hammer
    21. Rip hammer
    22. Scaling hammer
    23. Double peen hammer

1. Hand Hammer

These hammers are made of cast steel of carbon steel. Their pan and face are hardened and tempered. The middle body is kept soft. On one end of the body, face and pan are made.

Parts of a Hammer
Parts of a Hammer

An oval-shaped hole is made in the body in which the handle is fitted by using a wedge. Because of the wedge, the hole is somewhat enlarged and there is no risk of handle becoming loose and coming out. The length of the hammer depends on its weight.

On heavy hammers, long handles are used. Contrarily on the lightweight hammers, shorter handle are used. In hand hammers, the handle of 8 to 12 is used. According to I. S. 841-1957, the handles used for marking etc. have 0.11 to 0.33 Kg weight.

In the workshops, the hammers used by fitter are generally 0.33 to 0.45 Kg in weight. Heavy hammers are of 0.91 kg in weight. Hammer has the following part which has been shown in the above.

2. Ball Peen Hammer

These types of hammers are most widely used in the workshops. On one end of this ball pane hammer, a plain face is made and on the other end, a pane of 3/4 like a round ball is made.

It is used for setting the rivet. It is also used to strike blows on a metal sheet up to a certain depth. This types of hammers has been shown in the figure. Its weight is between 0. 11 to 0.91 kg.

3. Sledge Hammer

These are mostly used in blacksmithy for straightening round rods, iron bars, angle iron, channel, or flat iron.

Its shape is similar to a double face hammer. These are used for heavy jobs their weight is more. Their weight is from 4 Kg to 10 Kg. It has been illustrated in the figure.

4. Claw Hammer

These are special types of hammers. On one end of this hammer, a round face is made and on the other end, its pane is inclined towards the handle.

Types of Hammers - Claw Hammer
Claw Hammer

In its center, a slot is cut, with whose help nails, etc. Can be easily extracted (taken out). This hammer generally used by the carpenters in the carpentry trade. It has been shown in the figure.

5. Club Hammer

If compared to as a drilling hammer or lump hammer, the tool has a small, double-faced head that is similar to a sledgehammer.

Types of Hammers - Club Hammer
Club Hammer

In commercial work, the club hammer is useful for making steel chisels and masonry heads, as well as light leveling work.

6. Dead Blow Hammer

The head of this types of hammers are designed for minimum recoil and soft blows. It usually consists of a solid rubber or plastic head, or a semi-hollow head filled with sand or lead tablet.

Types of Hammers - Dead Blow Hammer
Dead Blow Hammer

They are used in everything from woodworking to automotive applications, where they help destroy parts, fix small dents, and knock wood together or beyond without marrying the surface.

7. Tack Hammer

This unique hammer consists of two long claws like heads, one of which is magnetized.

It is also known as an upholstery hammer and it is used to hold a tack for placement using a magnetic end, then controlling a tack that is placed using a non-magnetized end.

8. Rubber Mallet

Types of Hammers - Rubber Mallet
Rubber Mallet

It is the most common types of hammers, it has a rubber head that allows a soft bang. They are used on sheet metal, woodworking, and filling. A rubber mallet is soft enough to force it without damaging the plasterboard.

9. Framing Hammer

Types of Hammers - Framing Hammer
Framing Hammer

It is exactly similar to a claw hammer. The framing hammer is consists of a straight claw and a waist head. Its primary function is to assemble the house frames. That’s why it is called a framing hammer.

Special Types of Hammers

You probably won’t see one of these hammers. Used for many specific jobs and not usually found in general-purpose in hardware stores. Some of these hammers are similar to the more common hammers, except for the difference in weight, size, or shape.

1. Brass Hammer

Types of Hammers - Brass Hammer
Brass Hammer

The brass hammer is consists of a thin, cylindrical double-head, that is designed to pound steel pins without breaking the surface. It is found in both automotive and woodworking shops.

2. Blacksmith’s Hammer

The blacksmith’s hammer is a type of sledgehammer, where the other head of the hammer is bit raper and round. It is used to shape the red-hot steel against the anvil.

3. Blocking Hammer

On one side of this hammer the flat, square head, and on the other side the cylindrical head. This is another hammer commonly used by blacksmiths. It can be used to shape metal on a block or anvil.

4. Electrician Hammer

Types of Hammers - Electrician Hammer
Electricians Hammer

This kind of claw hammer leads to an extended neck on the head. This allows the electrician to target hard-embedded nails to reach locations.

5. Brick Hammer

Types of Hammers - Brick Hammer
Brick Hammer

The brick hammer has a claw that doubles as a chisel for scoring, while the narrow head is able to split the bricks. It makes the hammer very helpful in brick making and masonry projects. It is also known as a masonry hammer.

6. Bushing Hammer

Types of Hammers - Bushing Hammer
Bushing Hammer

The bushing hammer resembles a meat tenderer with an extended metalhead. They are employed to add the rough texture of a stone, which may have a beautiful texture or make the path of the stone less slippery.

7. Cross Peen Hammer

This types of hammers has a face pan the one end and a pan is made at the right angle of the handle, which is in the taper. it has been shown in the figure.

Types of Hammers - Cross Peen Hammer
Cross Peen Hammer

It is used for making channel “V” grooves, to make inside corner of the job and for expanding metal sheets. Its weight is from 0.22 kg to 0.91 kg.

8. Cross Pein Pin Hammer

Types of Hammers - Cross Pein Pin Hammer
Cross Pein Pin Hammer

A mild kind of cross peen hammer, these tools are not well adapted to metalwork. Instead, they are used in cabinetwork, light joinery, and other woodworking work.

9. Drywall Hammer

It is a type of hammer, it has a very distinctive end that more exactly matches a hatchet with a bottom notch.

Types of Hammers - Drywall Hammer
Drywall Hammer

The notch is used to hold the nails in place without breaking the drywall paper. Pein blades are employed to securely cut off excess bits of drywall.

10. Chasing Hammer

Types of Hammers - Chasing Hammer
Chasing Hammer

It is a kind of shaped hammer, the chasing hammer consists of a bulbous ended handle, round head, and short, round pein. It is mainly used to shape jewelry metal.

11. Engineers Hammer

Engineers Hammer
Engineers Hammer

The engineer’s hammer has been used for locomotive repair and it has a round head with cross pean. The term is usually associated with heavy ball pean hammers and hammers that have a round head.

12. Hatchet Hammer

The hatchet hammer sometimes called the Half-Hate, has a blade instead of a peen. It is used for a wide variety of jobs. Hence, this hammer well suited for living and emergency toolkits.

13. Mechanics Hammer

This hammer consists of a flat head, long peen along with the conical die. They are used with a curved type of anvil to remove the dent in the panel of the car. It is also known as a body mechanic’s hammer,

14. Planishing Hammer

The planishing hammers are consists of a somewhat convex head and a pein along with a cylindrical die. This is used to fix and lubricate the metal on the planking stake, letting the metal to take the shape of the stakes.

15. Power Hammer

For doing the heavy jobs of forging, bending, etc. In blacksmithy, these hammers are used.

These are not ordinary hammers but are heavy machines as shown in the figure. These power hammers are electric or pneumatic hammers. The little effort is required for working on these and they save time.

16. Welding Hammer

Welding hammer is also known as chipping hammer. It consists of a round chisel at one end and an upright pein at the other.

Welding Hammer
Welding Hammer

The handle of this hammer has a spiral design that looks like a spring. This helps disperse the heat, while the hammer itself removes the slag from the welding spots after the weld bead must have a possibility to cool.

17. Rock Hammer

It is small in size, it consists of a flat head and chisel or picks on the back. It is used in geology and historical excavations to break small rocks.

Rock Hammer
Rock Hammer

Chisels are used for a kind of job, including splitting soft rock, removing vegetation, and making small holes. This hammer is also known as a pick hammer.

18. Straight Peen Hammer

This hammer is almost similar to cross pane hammer but its pan is in a straight line to the hammer handle.

Straight Peen Hammer
Straight Peen Hammer

It is also used as a cross pane hammer for making channels, “V” grooves, and expanding the metal sheets. These are light in weight as well. Their weight 0.11 kg to 0.91 kg. It has been shown in the figure.

19. Trim Hammer

Trim Hammer
Trim Hammer

A Trim hammer consists of a straight claw and is shorter than claw hammers. This hammer consists of a smooth face for driving trim nails without destroying the surface. It is also known as a finish hammer.

20. Soft-faced Hammer

On the jobs which are likely to get scars when we strike a hammer blow, soft hammers are used. These hammers are made of wood, bakelite, plastic, brass, copper, or aluminum.

Soft-faced Hammer
Soft Faced Hammer

Hammer made of wood is called mallet. Some hammers of plastic or nylon are made in such a way that from inside they are made of iron. On both ends, they have a cap made of plastic or nylon. These hammers are called ” hide hammers”. These can be made very heavy also. These hammers have been shown in the figure.

21. Rip Hammer

Rip hammer has a straight claw instead of curved and heavyweights. It is used to rip apart materials while construction and demolition.

Apart from that, it works for framing and is used by contractors for digging holes and measuring for outlet boxes.

22. Scaling Hammer

It consists of a normal head along with a vertical chisel and picks, these hammers are employed to remove scale, rust, and a variety of hardened coating from boilers and other surfaces.

23. Double Face Hammer

Double Face Hammer
Double Faced Hammer

This type of hammer is mostly used for blacksmithy jobs. On both, its ends similar pane faces are made. It has been shown in the figure.

Precautions For Using Hammers

  1. We must not use oil, grease or any other oily substance on the handle of the hammer and if it is there, it should be properly cleaned
  2. Hammer handle should be plain others wise it can cause boils on the palm.
  3. Hammer handle should be kept tight otherwise from a loose hammer handle would come out and it may cause an accident.
  4. If due to excessive use the face of the hammer becomes mushroom, it should be grinded properly.
  5. Hammer handle should always be caught from its end as it saves energy.
  6. We should choose the appropriate and suitable hammer according to the nature of the jobs.

Conclution

As you know a hammer is a tool, which is used to hit or striking blows on jobs or metals or jobs driving pins etc. There are several types of hammers available in any industry. In which some are standard and special according to their use.

So now, we hope that we have clear all your doubts about Hammers. If you have still any doubts about the “Types of Hammers” you can contact us or ask in the comments.

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Saif M
Saif M. is a Mechanical Engineer by profession. He completed his engineering studies in 2014 and is currently working in a large firm as Mechanical Engineer. He is also an author and editor at theengineerspost.com